Learn more about rubrics and alternative assessments in our Online Courses, Online Certificate Programs, and Graduate Degree
Check out authentic assessment resources including information about performance assessment, rubrics, negotiable contracting, electronic portfolios, and web-based tools for creating your own assessments.
Examples of Rubrics
Includes rubrics for cooperative learning, research reports, eportfolios, PowerPoint/oral presentations, multimedia, video, and web projects.
The Case for Authentic Assessment
Grant Wiggins describes the need for authentic assessment. This article from the peer-reviewed journal, Practical, Research, & Evaluation, provides a foundation of understanding for authentic assessment.
Why Use Rubrics?
Describes the advantages of using rubrics for authentic assessment and includes examples.
Recommendations for Developing Instructional Rubrics (pdf)
Suggestions to assist when developing and implementing alternative assessment activities.
Formative Assessment That Truly Informs Instruction (pdf)
How do I grade? Ongoing assessment involves teacher observation, teacher and students co-developing the assessment criteria for student-produced written material and products, peer feedback and self-reflection.
Developing Performance Assessment Tasks
Characteristics of effective performance assessment tasks
Creating Meaningful Performance Assessments
Four issues performance assessments must address to meet high standards for reliability and validity.
Formative Assessment Strategies (pdf)
Techniques to check for understanding using index card summaries, hand signals, one-minute essays, analogy prompts, graphic organizers, the Three-Minute Pause, exit cards, and portfolio checks.
10 Fun-Filled Formative Assessment Ideas
7 Authentic Assessment Tools
Jacqui Murray identifies the best tools for polls, warm-ups and exit tickets, quick quizzes, game shows, virtual wall, brainstorming, and other online tools for formative assessment.
Strategies to Check Student Learning in the Classroom
Iowa State University's chart comparing assessment activities, what to do with the information collected, and time required.
Recommendations for Developing Classroom Performance Assessments and Scoring Rubrics
Barbara Moskal provides a set of recommendations that guide the classroom teacher through the four phases of the classroom assessment process - planning, gathering, interpreting and using.
Designing Scoring Rubrics for Your Classroom
Craig Mertler describes the step-by-step process for designing scoring rubrics for classroom use. This journal article includes templates and diagrams describing scoring, rubrics, grade scales, sampling and data analysis.
Scoring Rubrics; What, When, and How?
Barbara Moskal describes the different types of scoring rubrics, explains why scoring rubrics are useful and provides a process for developing scoring rubrics.
Authentic Assessment Toolbox
Jon Mueller describes how to create authentic tasks and rubrics for measuring and improving student learning and includes examples created by teachers.
Students and Teachers Alike Can Benefit from Rubrics (pdf)
Joyce Kasman Valenza describes the advantages of using rubrics for authentic assessment. Includes a rich archive of web-based rubric examples.
Creating Rubrics Through Negotiable Contracting and Assessment (pdf)
Andi Stix discusses ways to help students accurately evaluate their strengths and weaknesses and pinpoint where to focus their efforts during learning activities. Includes examples and a bibliography.
Empowering Students through Negotiable Contracting (pdf)
Another article by Andi Stix that describes the nuances of the negotiable contracting implementation process.
Implementing Performance Assessment in the Classroom
Amy Brualdi explains how performance assessment will help you assess higher order thinking skills.
Peer Assessment and Peer Evaluation (pdf)
Includes strategies to hold students mutually accountable on team assignments.
Positive Interdependence, Individual Accountability, Promotive Interaction: Three Pillars of Cooperative Learning (pdf)
A discussion about cooperative learning activities that promote individual accountability. Includes pitfalls such as avoid grading on a curve.
Team Skills Self-Assessment (pdf)
Provides an example of how to assess strengths and weaknesses in working with or communicating with others.
Single Point Rubric: A Tool for Responsible Student Self-Assessment
Discusses how single point rubrics help students self-analyze performance and identify areas of quality and areas needing improvement.
Know Your Terms: Holistic, Analytic, and Single-Point Rubrics
The Electronic Portfolio Development Process
Helen C. Barrett, Ph.D. University of Alaska, describes how electronic portfolio development brings together two different processes: multimedia development (assess/decide, design, develop, implement, evaluate) and portfolio development (collection, selection, reflection, projection). Review Dr. Barrett's model of portfolio development and how to create your own electronic portfolio.
Create Your Own Electronic Portfolio: Using Off-the-Shelf Software to Showcase Your Own or Student Work
Helen Barrett describes seven different software and hardware tools to use when creating portfolios.
A Rubric for Rubrics (pdf) created by Bonnie Mullinix
Rubric Template (Word doc)
Word document template to download and modify to meet authentic assessment needs (University of West Florida).
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All Rights Reserved.
Updated: August 2018